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Citation Resources

Your one stop shop for citation information!

CSE Style Manual

CSE style of citations was created by the Council of Science Editors, as the most authoritative reference for citations used in most scientific publications. This manual includes sections reflecting different fields of scientific inquiry and publishing.

Using the CSE style of citation creates consistency in writing and explorations of the many different areas of scientific studies and other related fields. It allows for quick scanning of key points and sources in writing and published materials.  Understanding CSE Style with help students further explore information and resources in their research.

In CSE style there are three types of in-text citation that can be used: 

Citation-Sequence - uses numbers within the text to refer to the end reference (see page 550 of the manual listed below).

Name-Year - uses the surname of author and year of publication in parentheses (see page 551 of the manual listed below).

Citation-Name: similar to the Citation-Sequence style uses numbers with the text to refer to the end reference, however, the end references are listed in alphabetical order by author then title (see page 554 of the manual listed below).

The citations in the guide are general citations from the 8th edition of the Scientific Style and Format reference resource shown below. For more information see the reference listed below and remember you can always ask a librarian!

Basic book citation example:

Citation-sequence and citation-name:

Schott J, Priest J. Leading antenatal classes: a practical guide. 2nd ed. Boston (MA): Books for Midwives; 2002.

This example shows the authors' names, last name first followed by first initial, then the title of the book, edition, place of publication, publisher, and finally date of publication. (This example comes from page 592 of the Scientific Style and Format 8th ed.)

Name-sequence:

Schott J, Priest J. 2002. Leading antenatal classes: a practical guide. 2nd ed. Boston (MA): Books for Midwives.

This example shows the authors' names, last name first followed by first initial, the date of publication, then the title of the book, edition, place of publication, and finally the publisher (This example comes from page 592 of the Scientific Style and Format 8th ed.)

For in-text citation information see the CSE Basics tab of this guide.

For further examples of book citations see the manual listed below.

Basic article citation example:

Citation-Sequence and citation-name:

Smart N, Fang ZY, Marwick TH. A practical guide to exercise training for heart failure patients. J Card Fail. 2003;9(1):49-58

This example shows the authors' names, last name first followed by first initial, then the title of the article, abbreviated journal title, date of publication, volume, the issue in parenthesis, and finally page numbers. (This example comes from page 582 of the Scientific Style and Format 8th ed.)

Name-year:

Smart N, Fang ZY, Marwick TH. 2003. A practical guide to exercise training for heart failure patients. J Card Fail. 9(1):49-58

This example shows the authors' names, last name first followed by first initial, the date of publication, then the title of the article, abbreviated journal title, volume, the issue in parenthesis, and finally page numbers. (This example comes from page 582 of the Scientific Style and Format 8th ed.)

For in-text citation information see the CSE Basics tab of this guide.

For further examples of article citations see the manual listed below.

Basic website citation example:

Citation-Sequence and citation-name:

APSnet: plant pathology. St Paul (MN): American Phytopathological Association; c1994-2005 [accessed 2005 Jun 20]. http://www.apsnet.org

This example shows the title of the website home page, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, date accessed in brackets, and finally the URL.  (This example comes from page 628 of the Scientific Style and Format 8th ed.)

Name-year:

APSnet: plant pathology. c1994-2005. St Paul (MN): American Phytopathological Association; [accessed 2005 Jun 20]. http://www.apsnet.org

This example shows the title of the website home page, date of publication, place of publication, publisher, date accessed in brackets, and finally the URL.  (This example comes from page 630 of the Scientific Style and Format 8th ed.)

For in-text citation information see the CSE Basics tab of this guide.

For further examples of article citations see the manual listed below.

For all other types of sources Including interviews, panel discussions, images, social media, and more; as well as in-text citations, other resources, and samples see the resource below.