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ARTE 102: 3-D Design, Crocetto

This is intended to help ARTE 102 students with research in 3-D Design.

How to get what you want

So you want to find some scholarly articles, and your professor said you can't use Google, you have to use the library. So how do you find anything in a library? Most people want to treat a database like it's Google. After all, Google and its sophisticated algorithms have programmed us to ask whatever question we want and expect a somewhat usable answer. Using library resources like databases and One Search requires more intelligence and a specific set of skills.

  • Keywords and "keyword phrases" - words that contain the essence of what you want in your search, typically nouns
  • If you place phrases - more than one word that you want together in order - in quotation marks, the system will keep them together when searching (tip: this works with search engines like Google, too!)
    • Example: "seven deadly sins" and sculpture instead of What about sculptures depicting the seven deadly sins?
    • Example: "early modern" and architecture or sculpture instead of What are some buildings and sculptures from the Renaissance?
    • Example: "Frank Lloyd Wright" and "organic architecture" instead of Why did Frank Lloyd Wright develop organic architecture?
  • ‚Äčand - when used in searching it make sure all words are included in the search results (narrows your results because there are more requirements)
    • Example: sculpture and bronze and religion - all results must contain all three words
  • or - when used in searching it allows the substitution of one word for another (widens your results because either word can appear)
    • Example: sculpture or architecture - results may contain only one of those two words

The Importance of Source Types

The main way that students lose points on projects and papers is not meeting the professor's requirements for using and citing certain types of sources. Here are two easy ways to ensure this doesn't happen to you.

  1. Know how to identify different source types and how to find them in the library. Visit the Searching Basics guide to learn more about using One Search to find the different types of sources in the library. Here are some examples.
    • Reference resources - typically entries from dictionaries or encyclopedias, published either physically or electronically, and available using either One Search or the Books & Media options on the library homepage
    • Books - published either physically or electronically as single publications, typically with multiple chapters, and available using either One Search or the Books & Media options on the library homepage
    • Scholarly articles - published in academic, scholarly journals either physically or electronically and available using One Search, Articles, or the Journal Finder options on the library homepage
    • Primary sources - content without analysis - can include paintings, sculptures, diaries, photographs, letters, emails, Twitter posts, scientific data, and many other things - the main point is that it can be analyzed but does not include analysis of itself
    • Magazines/newspaper articles - popular content published either physically or electronically that is sometimes (but not often) used in academic research. This content is widely available online or in the library. 
    • Web sources - published entirely online (blogs, websites, social media, memes, etc.) that is rarely and selectively used in academic research 
  2. Read both the syllabus and the entire project description. If your professor has specific requirements about how many of each type of source is required (and if you're not allowed to use some types), that will be in the assignment description. The assignment description will also tell you what style your citations should be in (MLA, APA, Chicago, etc.)